Sights Of Russia You Need To Know
Recognized for its closed culture and for being the cradle of great revolutions and cultural movements, Russia has much more than its labels to offer. Each piece of its cities tells a little of its grand history. As a result, below are some of its sights you need to know:
1. The Red Square
When we speak of the capital of the country, we automatically think of the red square (Krasnaya ploshchad, in Russian). The most famous square in the city – and maybe even the country – is one of Russia’s most sought-after postcards. Its beauty and grandeur are the justification of such success.
We cannot forget the most famous spot of Red Square: the admirable Kremlin of Moscow, where since the middle ages was the headquarters of Russian power. Currently, the place is the president’s official residence.
The Kremlin of the Russian capital is an architectural complex where there are several palaces, historical and religious buildings. These spaces are open for visitation; tickets can be purchased on site.
Those who wish to see the Grand Kremlin Palace must schedule the visit or purchase the tickets early. The administrative buildings and the presidential residence are closed to the public.
The red square also houses one of the most beautiful cathedrals in the world: St. Basil’s Cathedral which is composed of a group of orthodox chapels whose architecture does not follow the standards of Catholic churches.
St. Basil was built at the behest of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, to represent the power of his mandate. After the completion of its construction, the dreaded czar had pierced the eyes of the architect responsible for the creation of the cathedral, claiming that he could not reproduce something like this anywhere else.
Still, in Krasnaya ploshchad, there is the State Historical Museum. The largest Russian national museum has a large collection of more than 4 million objects, dating from antiquity to the nineteenth century.
If you desire to know more about the history of this amazing country, you can start your tour through this beautiful museum.
2. Bolshoi Theater
When we speak of Russia, we cannot fail to mention the famous Bolshoi Theater, the stage of one of the biggest dance companies in the world: the Bolshoi Ballet Academy.
Today, the Theater hosts several festivals, shows, and dance, music, and theater companies. The tickets are quite disputed, so it is worth making the purchase in advance. If you do not want to watch some show, it is possible to take a tour guided by the place, to know all its beautiful history.
3. Moscow Metro
Although not a tourist attraction, the Moscow subway is an attraction in itself. Even if you do not usually go by public transport, in Moscow, it is interesting to consider taking a walk.
The city subway is practically a public art gallery. Its seasons are lined with fresco paintings, high relief details, paintings, and sculptures. All of this results in an art-museum-like environment.
4. Cold War Museum
This museum is for history lovers and also for those who want to get a sense of what World War II and the Cold War were like. Known as Bunker 42, the museum takes the visitor to Stalin’s former bunker, which is about 20 stories below the surface.
Bunker 42 is a faithful reconstruction of the environments used during the war, making the visitor have a vision of how operations were done at the time.
5. Hermitage State Museum, St. Petersburg
Leaving the capital, we go to St. Petersburg. The city, which was once a capital city for a time, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and today houses one of the most beautiful museums in the world: the Hermitage.
Its collection has more than 3 million articles from around the world. It is considered one of the most important art museums in the world and is the most visited tourist spot in the city.
6. St. Isaac’s Cathedral
The largest Orthodox Cathedral in St. Petersburg has a capacity of 14,000 people and has several paintings, images, and mosaics. Its dome is a true work of art, composed of almost 100 kg of pure gold. All this makes the cathedral practically a great religious museum.
7. Cathedral of the Spilled Blood
Although the name Blood Shed is commonly used, its official name is the Church of the Resurrection of the Savior. The beautiful cathedral is well known for its stained glass and Russian mosaics, which are made with semiprecious stones, making this art quite valuable.
8. Peterhof, St. Petersburg
Peterhof is a complex of palaces and gardens in St. Petersburg. The founder of the city Peter the Great had the complex known as the “Russian Versailles” built to demonstrate the power of his reign.
The palace was home to several Russian royal families, but today it functions only as a museum. The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Due to its size and distance from the center of St. Petersburg (about 1h30), you need to book a full day to get to know the palace. Access to Peterhof can be done by boat, car, or bus. Depending on the season, the demand is quite high. So, buying tickets online in advance prevents long hours in queues.
9. Catherine Palace, Pushkin
The palace which is located about 25 km from St. Petersburg was the summer residence of many Russian Tsars. The Rococo features and rooms with various artistic characteristics transform this architecture into a spectacle by itself. Every space in the palace is a different surprise. Like Peterhof, it’s interesting to book a full day to visit it. Do not miss the beautiful gardens of the palace as well.
10. Kazan Kremlin
Like most Russian cities, Kazan also has its Kremlin. The city’s architectural and historical complex, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to several important tourist attractions, such as the Governor’s Palace, Kazan Cathedral, historic buildings, and small churches. Being one among the oldest cities in Russia, all the points and its architecture are loaded with a lot of history. Of course, Kazan is a mandatory city on the list of places to visit in Russia.